Before Building a Pond

Plan Ahead!.

What is a Pond?

The first step to consider is to decide what type of pond you want to build. You should consider what type of aquatic life you want in the pond. Is it going to be a home for goldfish or koi? Or is your main concern for the aquatic plants? Perhaps you only want the pond for the sound of a waterfall. Each type of pond will need to be planned for its specific features. Keep in mind that the most common mistake water gardeners say they made when building their first pond was making it too small. A small pond limits the number of fish and plants you can add.

Who Should Build My Pond?

You can build your pond yourself or you can hire a professional to build it for you. If you have never build a pond before we suggest that you consider hiring a professional, or try to build a simple pond. If you are the adventurous type and have some experience, then we hope this information will offer some help with your project.

renu@hand will always do our best to ensure that we are using and offering environmentally friendly products. We constantly research ways to help improve our environment.

What Type of Pond Should I Build?

Many factors will determine what type of pond you should build. Do you want something purely decorative? A sanctuary for aquatic life such as Koi or other types of fish? Perhaps an aquatic garden? How about a soothing waterfall? Perhaps some combination of these? Some of these choices will be yours to make, others may be made for you by space constraints. Weigh your options and let us help you arrive at the one that is right for you.

What are the Options for Ponds?
  • Water Garden
    A water garden typically contains both goldfish and a variety of aquatic plants. Water gardens in moderate climates usually need for an area of the pond to be at least 2 feet deep. Colder climates require a depth to provide at least 12" to 16" of water below the freeze zone.
  • Koi Pond
    A Koi pond is different from a water garden because Koi limit the amount of plant life available to be grown. Simply put: Koi eat some plants. A Koi pond should also be larger because Koi get quite large despite the size of the pond, it is recommended that a Koi pond be no less than 1000 gallons in volume, the bigger the better. It also needs to have an area of the pond at least 3 feet deep, 4 - 5 may be better. A Koi pond entails a rubber liner, multiple skimmers, bottom drain, multiple biological filters, settlement chamber, ultra-violet clarifiers, improved aeration and deeper. Since Koi are fed regularly they generate a lot of waste that needs weekly maintenance of the skimmers, sediment settlement chambers, filters and UV clarifiers.
  • Backyard Pond
    Entails a rubber Liner, skimmer, biological filter, lined with rocks and gravel, about 2 feet deep and generally about 10 X 14 feet wide. Accommodates a few KOI, smaller fish, turtles, frogs, water-lilies and marginal plants. Requires regular “skimmer” maintenance, annual biological filter maintenance and “spring pond cleaning”.
  • Hybrid Pond (crossover pond)
    Selectively uses the concepts and components from “back yard ponds” and “KOI ponds” to meet the different requirements of client. It is less deep than KOI ponds, fewer KOI, fewer filters, more rock in pond, added shelve areas for plants and habitats for turtles. The expected maintenance is less than KOI ponds but more than “back yard” ponds.
  • Pondless Waterfall (cascading pondless)
    The pond is replaced by a hidden reservoir of water that provides water for the waterfall. This usually consists of a basin, or lined hole in the ground, filled with rocks made into a waterfall and a pondless waterfalls pump circulating the water. This method literally requires almost NO maintenance, No standing water, No Algae, No mosquitoes, NO pond additives, and No critter vandalism. You determine when you want the waterfall to run, turn it on when you are home, turn it off when you leave. No standing water means that it is safe for front yard installations
  • The type of the pond for you depends primarily on your intended use and aesthetic preference as well as your ability to provide the needed upkeep.


Where Should I Build My Pond?

Most ponds will be enjoyed more if they are installed close to the home. Select an area where you can see the pond year round. Ponds are great attracters of wildlife including birds and butterflies. Position the pond where runoff from rain will not flow into the pond. This may carry fertilizers, chemicals, and organic debris into the pond. It may be necessary to alter the terrain to accommodate this. Avoid placing a pond too close to trees. Falling leaves and other debris will need to be removed from the pond. You will want to place your pond where it will receive at least 4 to 6 hours of direct sun if you want to grow water lilies. Shade is fine for fish-only ponds. Water circulation is not essential but the use of a pump will allow you to keep more fish, it will keep your plants healthier. A pump is required to run a filter, fountain, or waterfall. The sound of running water adds greatly to the enjoyment of the pond. Most ponds will benefit from the use of a biological filter. This is essential if you are keeping koi or more than a few goldfish. We have several types of biological filters to choose from.


Note the location and the time of day that get sun and shade. NOTE: The sun’s angle will change with the seasons. A pond in the winter will get shade at a different time of of day and at a different angle in the summer. Pay attention to the terrain. You may not want your pond too close to a tree that she leaves because of the fall cleanup.  

Custom wood and composite ponds   Custom watarfall, koi or aquatic garden ponds

Ponds Sample Pictures

Custom Wood Decks

Custom Wood Decks

Custom Wood Decks

Custom Wood Decks